Classical furniture from the Ming and Qing dynasties has become especially precious due to its age. However, due to its scarcity, most buyers will be missing a corner after they buy it. It is always distressing to have a good artwork incomplete.
The first process is cleaning.
The old furniture came in, with broken arms and legs, and unkempt appearance. Dust and accumulated soil had to be removed, sometimes there was cement slurry, asphalt, chemical paint and so on. Then flush with water, while flushing with a special brush, you can add a little alkaline water if the scale is deep. The washed old furniture has to be dried in the shade for a week. Otherwise, after swelling with water, it will be difficult to restore the tenon after it is disassembled. In some responsible stores, old furniture will be fumigated and disinfected to remove insects and eggs.
The second process is to remove paint.
Generally, it is rubbed lightly with fine sandpaper. If you encounter harder parts, use a knife to scrape. Do this with boldness and carefulness, a little carelessness will destroy the carved part, sometimes a thin thread-such as "a stick of incense", is smoothed, no matter how repaired it is impossible to recover.
The third process is to refurbish the wooden parts.
The missing parts have to be filled in with the same material. Those with broken arms and missing legs are okay. The most difficult part is the embossed parts, such as a lady, missing a bat, etc., which can be repaired in the same style. In each period, the craftsman's technique in each place is different. The repair craftsman must have a good heart, and he has to humbly talk to the predecessors, and he can't try his skills and break the original. Otherwise, the insider will see the flaws.
The fourth process is to match copper.
The copper of some cabinets is broken, and you have to make one according to the original style. For example, tag, face leaf, loose leaf, set foot, wrap angle, ox nose ring, etc. are all accessories that cannot be ignored in traditional Chinese furniture. From the production process, it can be divided into hollowing, engraving, hairening, distressing, etc., even the dots of green rust can also be done, which is very vicissitudes of life.
The fifth process is fine polishing for waxing or varnishing. The repair and restoration of old wooden furniture should be as good as possible according to the principle of the collection industry. Therefore, the responsible store will persuade customers from the aspects of art appreciation and protection of old furniture when contacting customers. It is best to iron the surface of the furniture. Wax makes the wood texture and texture completely visible. This simple beauty is the most attractive. For example, cypress and beech wood, after being polished, will be covered in a short time, and the finish is not worse than that of hardwood furniture.
The fifth process is to paint the surface.
The meaning of painting is not simply painting, but keeping the original paint as much as possible, just tidying up. It is inevitable to paint, but it is also limited. For example, the floral decoration of the gold cabinet is worn out, and the patent leather is shelled. Some customers require to maintain the original state, and some customers will require repairs. Those small areas will be repaired without losing the original charm. ,is allowed. Some old furniture is still painted with hemp and gray craftsmanship. Nowadays, few people can do this kind of craft, so you have to ask a master to restore it. If you use chemical paint to paint, you will have a shiny face. The value of this old furniture Will be greatly reduced.
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