1. Western Classical Furniture
Due to the mutual penetration of Chinese and Western cultures, Western classical furniture more or less absorbed Eastern cultural elements. Western classical furniture not only looks luxurious and magnificent, but also has meticulous craftsmanship and rigorous production process. Western classical furniture has a profound cultural atmosphere, combined with exquisite craftsmanship, the current Western classical furniture has surpassed the popular concept and has become a symbol of taste and status.
Introduction to the analysis of western classical furniture culture begins with the introduction of western classical furniture. Western classical furniture is generally hand-feel furniture made by craftsmen specifically for the royal family and nobles. After hundreds of years of evolution, the style of Western classical furniture has always inherited its meticulously carved and refined characteristics. The biggest characteristic of Western classical furniture is that it is rich in decoration. Western classical furniture has been perfectly embodied under the profound cultural heritage of Europe for hundreds of years.
2. Development stage
1. The Renaissance
During the Renaissance, the patterns of furniture were mainly expressed in guilloches (hemp pattern), egg shapes, short spears, beaded moldings and leaf decorations, floral decorations, etc. Decorative subjects: religion, history, fables. The main materials used for furniture: walnut, basswood, oak, red sandalwood, etc.
2. The Baroque period
Carved patterns: irregular pearl shell, mermaid, half-mermaid, sea god, seahorse, garland, scroll pattern, etc.
Application: Human statues are often used as the support legs of the table top, or the horizontal support under the table top decoration.
3. The Rococo period
Features: soft, round and twisted lines and sophisticated, delicate.
Features: Take white as the base tone, engraving on the white base tone with graceful curve carving, gold finishing or painting and gilding, and finally high-grade nitro to show the natural color finishing of the beautiful texture.
Features: exquisite workmanship, refined and simple style
Features: Use straight lines as the basic tone without overly dense detail decoration, and use right angles as the main body, pursuing harmony and echoing of the overall proportion. Decorative patterns: mainly rosettes, bouquets, ribbons, cups, etc. are combined with beautiful flowers.
3. Features of the Baroque and Rococo periods
Features of Baroque furniture ①Material. Hardwoods such as walnut and rosewood are mostly used for wood. Inlay materials: all kinds of luxurious and expensive materials, including gem inlay and fine wood inlay. Mongolian fabric: love to use velvet. ② Process. Large-area carvings, various decorations, gold leaf veneers, gold painting, thin wood parquet decoration, and a large number of fabrics are used on the sitting and lying furniture. The back chairs are decorated with swirls, and the seat is beautifully bent. The backrest is made of luxurious brocade and other fabrics.
The characteristics of Rococo furniture exclude the Baroque pursuit of luxury and pretending to be magnificent, and absorb the fluidity of exaggerated curved surfaces; graceful convolute curves, fine and delicate carvings; elegant and beautiful brocade or embroidered lining; green and white as the base tone , Imitating the white skin color of upper-class women to show nobleness; curve carving, gold finishing or painting and gilding, and finally finishing with high-grade nitrocellulose lacquer, creating a sense of luxury.
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