Classical furniture requires five basic points of form, color, meaning, quality and expensiveness.
Form: Not much to say, different regions have different specifications.
Color: It is a very important part. The ancient working people believed that simple colors were a symbol of auspiciousness, while the gentry likes to use multi-tone collocation. I haven't seen any information about furniture in the earliest period. I just refer to the beginning of the Song Dynasty. People pay more attention to the true colors of furniture. Since red sandalwood has become very rare in the Ming Dynasty, the natural color of ordinary wood furniture has been difficult to maintain a high level, and color lacquer has been widely used as paint in the middle and late Ming Dynasty. This is somewhat similar to the coloring of our current furniture.
Meaning: Generally, it is necessary to highlight the artistic conception of family harmony, auspiciousness, wishful thinking, longevity, multiple blessings, loyalty, wealth, and official destiny. In different eras, ancient people like to show different meanings of furniture shapes according to their wealth and status. Take the furniture from the Qianlong period as an example. People prefer to inlay precious stones and bamboo silk to form patterns as surface decorations.
Quality: refers to the quality. The ancients also paid attention to the high quality of materials. Even ordinary people hoped that the furniture could use the best materials. Pear wood, jujube wood, red sandalwood, and mahogany were all popular among the people. The ancients paid more attention to the quality of the materials than the moderns, because most of the furniture had to be carved during the processing. Among them, the furniture in the Qing Dynasty was superior in carvings from Guangdong and Fujian, and the furniture craftsmanship in these places was extremely demanding on materials.
Gui: On the surface, we understand it as a good meaning. Furniture represents wealth and wealth. It was very popular in the pre-Qin period, but the Chinese are a nation that pays attention to feng shui. I don’t
have much research on feng shui, and I can only order it here. If you are interested, you can go and read about home feng shui. Book.
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