Traditionally, tatami mats are woven with rush and tied with straw. Recently, foam plastics have also been used. There is a uniform standard for the shape and size of tatami mats, and they are trimmed with brocade or black cloth. In the era when the houses where most Japanese lived were still land, tatami mats were a luxury item enjoyed by wealthy families because some materials needed to be imported. Moreover, the traditional tatami is plain tatami, and the surface is not decorated.
Modern tatami mats are made by using advanced Japanese technology and equipment, using high-quality rice straw as raw materials, after high-temperature fumigation and sterilization, and pressing into semi-finished products, then manually mending and covering the surface of natural straw mats, and then wrapped with decorative sidebands on both sides. Finished product. A good-quality tatami weighs about 30 kilograms. The freshly made tatami is grass-green. After a long time of use, it will become bamboo yellow due to oxidation due to sunlight, which is also very beautiful. The structure of the tatami is divided into three layers, the bottom layer is insect-proof paper, the middle is a straw mat, the top layer is covered with rush mats, and the two sides are covered with cloth, and the edges generally have traditional Japanese patterns. The standard thickness of a tatami is 3.3 cm and 5.5 cm.
Edge and tatami
After entering the modern era, with the improvement of production technology and the change of people’s aesthetic psychology, embroidered tatami has also appeared in Japan, that is, using advanced production technology, various patterns and patterns are embroidered on the surface of tatami to meet the different aesthetics and aesthetics of users. Decoration needs. And with the introduction of the Western lifestyle, modern Japanese people’s lifestyle on the floor has begun to change. In some Japanese families, people no longer directly sleep on tatami mats, but instead put beds on tatami mats, and people sleep on them. On the bed, the tatami at this time has almost become a kind of floor covering material, equivalent to a carpet.
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