Ming furniture collection: Appreciation of several special crafts-Alice factory


Appreciation of several craftsmanship of Ming-style furniture

Ming furniture style is remarkable, and the most important line decoration is different from the furniture decoration of other dynasties. Ming-style furniture is as fluent and timeless as poetry and painting through its concise lines, creating a unique artistic image for the furniture. It is difficult to make the line craft smoothly. The line direction must be mastered, the length is appropriate, and the thickness is appropriate. For example, the backrest of the seat generally has two types, "S" and "C", and there are two types of craftsmanship: independent panel and segmented panel. The curved and straight shape and slope of the backrest are better. The furniture artists first take the previous model as a specimen and make some adjustments during assembly. If the slope is too large, it will affect the support, and the slope will not be enough, and it will affect the beauty. Therefore, the first principle is that the shape is beautiful, comfortable and practical.

It is also very difficult to achieve perfect smoothness for all furniture that has jointing craftsmanship. The jointing process is also completed by the method of mortise and tenon jointing. It is generally used for door lintels, fences, side rails, bright grids of cabinets, teeth of tables, and flower boards of footrests of furniture such as beds. Zanjie is a term for northern craftsmen, and southern craftsmen is called Douliao. Zanjie usually uses small materials to form various patterns. Some use simple patterns repeatedly to form patterns, and some use individual patterns to form two-sided continuous, four-sided continuous and other forms. The common geometric patterns of Zanjie are cross pattern, fret pattern, field pattern, curved ruler pattern, swastika pattern, flowers such as begonia (see picture), etc., as well as direct connection and oblique connection. These special decorative language developed from traditional window patterns fully reflect the beauty of wood craftsmanship in the production.

Line decoration is the basic language in Ming-style furniture craftsmanship. It is expressed with colorful "line" or "line feet" to set off the decoration of the entire furniture. Various moldings commonly found in Huanghuali furniture, such as Yang line, wa line, leather strip line, bamboo 爿hun (bamboo 爿 arc-shaped molding), etc. To make the thread foot smooth and round, the unevenness is natural, the line shape is full and tough, and the polishing is natural and smooth, super skill is required. The smooth, powerful, beautiful and crisp lines are the "meridians" and "qi pulses" of an exquisite piece of furniture, which enhance the spirit of furniture and utensils.

The pattern carving of furniture is naturally the most important decorative language. Usually furniture carving is divided into two types: complex carving and plain carving. The former is meticulously carved, and the latter is basically plain, with only a few lines or small details. To be done. The purpose of both is to enhance beautification. Ming-style furniture is mostly made of precious materials, so it is not excessively pursued by carving decoration to show its natural texture. In the Qing Dynasty, furniture carvings became complicated and complicated. This aspect is the reason of the times. In the early Qing Dynasty, the atmosphere of advocating great joyful work was expressed as a preference for Mangong decoration in art; on the other hand, the furniture materials used in the Qing Dynasty were inferior to that of the Ming Dynasty, so Engraving of the whole tool is often used to conceal the beauty of the material. Of course, no matter the carving is complicated or simple, as long as the carving is exquisite and smooth, with rich layers, it is also worthy of praise.

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