I learned a lot of advanced culture from China, including religion and living habits. It was the Tang Dynasty in China that had the greatest impact on Japanese culture. During the Tang Dynasty, Chinese people's living habits began to gradually change, especially in the middle and late Tang Dynasty, due to the introduction of the Hu chair, people gradually changed from sitting on knees to sitting on feet. However, Japan still inherited the habit of sitting on knees in the pre-Tang Dynasty and has been retained. And because of Japan's unique geographical location and special living habits, tatami mats gradually came into being.
Not only in terms of living customs, Japanese architecture also largely imitated the architectural styles of the Tang Dynasty: Xieshan top, deep cantilevered eaves, raised floor, outdoor platform, horizontal wooden wall exterior wall, cypress bark roof and so on. These architectural forms have evolved into miniature Japanese-style buildings with unique meaning in Japan, a small country.
It was not until the Meiji Restoration period that Japanese traditional culture was greatly influenced by American culture and began to gradually evolve again. However, Japan still retains the spirit of its traditional culture, and has become a new Japanese modern style. This style has developed into a national philosophy in Japan and has penetrated into various industries. Japanese home furnishing styles have also been affected and formed the Japanese home furnishing style we know today.
Element 1: Tatami
Tatami, formerly known as "stacked mat", is a kind of furniture in the room for people to sit or lie down on. Chinese tatami mats were introduced to Japan and South Korea during the prime of the Tang Dynasty. They were the materials used to pave the floor of the traditional Japanese room in the prime of the Tang Dynasty. After being introduced to Japan, they were absorbed by tatami mats that originated in Japan and evolved into the traditional room “Japanese style”. The material used for laying the floor inside has become the place where Japanese families sleep, that is, the Japanese bed.
Tatami is made of straw and rush as raw materials. Therefore, it is used as the middle layer of the tatami mat, which has a light fragrance and a comfortable and cool feeling. At the same time, the unit of measurement for Japanese rooms is based on the area of tatami. The traditional size of a tatami is 90 cm wide, 180 cm long, 5 cm thick, and an area of 1.62 square meters. It is called a stack, the size of a general tea room. For four and a half stacks, the soft decoration design company means that the area of this room is 4.5 times that of a tatami.
Use thicker insect-proof paper for the bottom layer of tatami mats. The middle layer is covered with a layer of natural, hand-woven rush mats, and three layers of materials are covered with cloth, and the total thickness is 55 cm. Couches cannot be placed directly on the ground. It is best to place them on a platform with a wooden height of 10~15cm. The main purpose is to achieve the effect of sound insulation and cooling, and it can also be decorated in a tic-tac-toe, field-shaped and symmetrical pattern.
Element2: solid wood furniture
In Japanese traditional home furnishings, most of the furniture is solid wood furniture. Even in the production of modern industries, the range of materials that people can apply has greatly expanded, but in Japanese households, solid wood furniture is still the mainstay, with a small amount of metal furniture as a foil. Not only that, in other decorative details, more natural or traditional materials, such as porcelain and pottery, are used instead of glass and plastic.
Japan’s forest coverage rate is very high, so the natural woods there are very rich. The beech, birch, pine, cypress, cedar, etc. produced are all very good furniture making materials, so this provides the most natural and most natural for Japanese home design. Plain material. Not only that, Japanese-style furniture also try to maintain its original color, and few people use dyeing and other processes to create the surface color of the furniture.
The surface of Japanese solid wood is mostly treated with natural lacquer or wood wax oil, and industrialized chemical lacquer is not used. Because that would destroy the naturalness and purity of the solid wood furniture itself.
Element 3: Lattice Door
The sliding wooden lattice door is an important part of the Japanese-style home. The Zhangzi door is thin and light because the wooden frame is made of paulownia, and the glass is replaced by translucent Zhangzi paper in the middle of the wooden lattice. Zhangzi paper can also be used for windows. It is characterized by strong toughness, not easy to tear, and waterproof and moisture-proof functions. The patterns are also very exquisite, the common ones are the bamboo and the thousand cranes, which glow with an elegant and hazy beauty against the outdoor light, which is truly beautiful. Zhangzimen is also named for the beautiful Zhangzi paper.
This sliding wooden lattice door was also introduced to Japan from the Song Dynasty. Under the improvement of its own papermaking technology, Japan has gradually evolved into a translucent sliding door made of current Zhangzi paper. Sliding doors are often used in Japanese interiors because most Japanese buildings are relatively small and exquisite. Generally, fan-shaped doors require a lot of reserved space as the range of doors. Therefore, sliding doors are also a core element in Japanese-style architecture.
Element 4: Storage
Storage, this concept should be vividly and exquisitely embodied in the Japanese home style. In MUJI's stores, one of the most popular household products is storage products, such as storage boxes, storage bags, boxes, cabinets, shelves and so on. In Japan's home design variety show-the Almighty Renovation King, the part that best reflects the design value is the storage. Looking at the designer, Nihwa re-transformed the family space and increased the storage space to make the home look more tidy and refreshing. .
This is actually related to the Japanese housing structure. Japan has a small land and a large population, so land resources are scarce, and the housing area is generally relatively small. Usually, three generations of a family live together, which makes it even more crowded. And some seasonal or seasonal household items need to be stored in storage to make more space for people to move and use.
In this way, storage has become a philosophy of life, imprinted in the Japanese home life, so the Japanese homes seen in movies and TV are very clean and tidy. In the style of Japanese-style home furnishing, storage has become an important element, and a neat and clean home can be created through storage.
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